03 December, 2007


"A breakaway, semi-desert territory on the coast of the Gulf of Aden, Somaliland declared independence after the overthrow of Somali military dictator Siad Barre in 1991.

The move followed a secessionist struggle during which Siad Barre's forces pursued rebel guerrillas in the territory. Tens of thousands of people were killed and towns were flattened.

Though not internationally recognised, Somaliland has a working political system, government institutions, a police force and its own currency. The territory has lobbied hard to win support for its claim to be a sovereign state." The BBC

"Somaliland is about the size of England and Wales and has a total area of 137,600 square km with a coastline of 850 km long. It is situated in the Horn of Africa. Somaliland is bounded by the Gulf of Aden in the north, Somalia in east, Ethiopia in the south and west and Djibouti in the northwest. The major topography features are:

- The low-lying Coastal Plain known as Guban where summer temperatures can rise to 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

- The Coastal Range high plateau (ogo) where rainfall is heavier is situated south of the Guban. It runs east west parallel to the coast and rises to over 2000m.

- The Plateau (Hawd), south of Ogo and which is the most important grazing region." Read more>>>UNPO

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