18 January, 2011

South Sudan: its future can be bright if...........

A new country has just been created in Africa: in Southern Sudan. According to an article in Marketwatch, its future can be bright if:
  • First, with all due respect to the relative harmony with the north concerning oil exports, it can vanish instantaneously. And war with the north is the last thing the new country can afford.
  • .....raw materials would be a godsend for a fledgling landlocked nation with hardly 100 miles of paved roads and an annual average income of less than $1,000. And South Sudan is indeed blessed with a range of other raw materials, from iron and tungsten to copper and zinc. Yet to embark on a truly solid future, Juba would do well to realize at this embryonic stage that overreliance on raw materials has devastated other newborn countries. Besides inviting more friction with the north, a focus on oil is likely to enrich a thin social elite and leave the economy itself degenerate and the populace restive.
  • Conversely, South Sudan can focus on farming, education, infrastructure, and tourism.
  • Sitting on the Nile’s sources, and benefiting from a generally temperate climate, South Sudan can modernize its subsistence farming to become a regional breadbasket. This will keep the bulk of the population gainfully employed and the Treasury’s coffers steadily supplied with foreign currency.
  • Other than the north, South Sudan is ringed by friendly neighbors, some of whom are also enterprising. Kenya dominates Juba’s fledgling banking sector and is seeking investments for a railway and pipeline that will eventually lead South Sudanese exports to the Indian Ocean. Landlocked Uganda, which is also vying for a rail link to Juba, is developing industrial centers near the South Sudanese border that will help supply the new country. These projects must be the new country’s first financial focus, since they will be crucial for its prospective agricultural exports. China, which in recent years has invested more than $1 billion in a railway between Khartoum and Port Sudan, will join this kind of enterprise just as happily.
  • Blessed with elephants, giraffes, cheetahs, leopards and lions as well as more than a million antelopes, this country is one destination most safari lovers have yet to reach and can be counted on to admire. If South Sudan plays its cards right, these tourists will soon arrive and will help the country’s war-ravaged population finally get a life.
The people of Southern Sudan are very hopeful of the future. Can and will the hopes and dreams of the millions of Southern Sudanese be realized? Watch: Rebuilding Hope.

Search Safari Notes